Unfortunately nobody can say how long it will take you. One individual may gain that in a few months while another may need 5 years to obtain it. Everyone is different, and genetics, routines, dedication, and many other factors come into play. Some people gain very easily while others have to “fight tooth and nail” for every 1/16 inch. I personally believe this has a lot to do with the thickness of the tunica albuginea, which is the thick, fibrous sheath covering the penile chambers (cavernosa). Think of it in this manner: the tunica is a bike tire, while the smooth muscle and cavernosa are the inner tube. The inner tube (erectile tissue) fills with air (blood) and expands until it fills the tire. If the tire (tunica) is thick it will be limited in how far it can expand. If the tire is thinner, it will be able to expand much further. Depending on how thick or thin your tunica is will have a bearing on how fast or easy you can gain. But to give you an idea, I can tell you that I am what one would consider a hard gainer. However with 2 years of PE and very consistent and dedicated work, I have gained a total of 5/8" length and 5/16-3/8" girth."
This led to short-terms gains but long-term problems. Angry customers, unable to get satisfaction from Berkeley, went to their credit card companies instead. Berkeley's "chargeback" ratio went through the roof as customers disputed charges and banks took money back from Berkeley, putting the company's very ability to accept credit cards in jeopardy. (Payment processors would have cut off Berkeley if more than one percent of its transactions were chargebacks).

Plenty of guys are questioning if there is a real regular proportion of a “substantial” penile; in fact, there truly are no typical male organ dimensions. The average male body size ordinarily runs from 5 to 7 INS. Nevertheless, lots of guys are nevertheless aware of the magnitude and expansion of these penises. Typically, it is just about the points they can show off to their plans associates as well as other young ladies. How to increase penis size 2018? Ways to make your dick bigger.
Richard, a mechanic from upstate New York, is a muscular, athletic guy. He has a loving wife who has always enjoyed their sex life. But ever since he was a young boy, Richard couldn't get over the feeling that his penis was too small. In public bathrooms, he'd use the handicapped stall. He felt embarrassed in gym locker rooms and when standing naked before his wife. "I didn't feel manly enough," he tells WebMD.
William O’Connor, a 38-year-old mechanic from Northampton, is one of his satisfied customers – and it’s easy to understand why. Think of a large can of aerosol deodorant and you have, roughly enough, his new dimensions. “There was one woman who took one look at it and just went, ‘That thing is coming nowhere near me,’” he says. “But mostly it goes down very well. I’ve seen a lot of eyes light up.”
This new technology does require occasional filler and touch-up based upon the amount of new collagen formed by your body during the enlargement process – and the price includes one additional filler / touch-up within the first 12 months after your procedure. Our patented approach utilizes a proprietary tandem of FDA approved fillers: some of which are permanent in nature: others that aren’t life-lasting.
 The penis consists of 3 chambers of spongy tissue which absorb blood that reach the penis from the circulatory system. As these chambers fill with blood, it leads to the erection of the penis. When exercises are done continuously, in a right way, it will cause an expansion in the size of the chambers. Then, it will become able to absorb larger amounts of blood and this will lead to an increase in the size of the penis, and the purpose of these exercises is to create a tensile strength by stretching the tissues that are responsible for erection of the penis and this tensile strength will lead to an increase in the growth of those tissues, gradually. 
There is a new proven way to add inches onto the size of your penis which is safe, incredibly effective and natural. So, in this article I will show you the best male enlargement secret method to grow your penis size that can safely add between 2 – 5 inches onto your penis. Read on to learn the male enlargement secret method of natural growth that can make your penis size increase permanently.
CONTEXT Penis size is a great concern for men in many cultures. Despite the great variety of methods for penile augmentation, none has gained unanimous acceptance among experts in the field. However, in this era of minimally invasive procedure, injection therapy for penile augmentation has become more popular. Here we report a case of methacrylate injection in the penis that evolved with penile deformity and sexual dysfunction. This work also reviews the investigation and management of this pathological condition. CASE REPORT A 36-year-old male sought medical care with a complaint of penile deformity and sexual dysfunction after methacrylate injection. The treatment administered was surgical removal. Satisfactory cosmetic and functional results were reached after two months. CONCLUSIONS There is a need for better structured scientific research to evaluate the outcomes and complication rates from all penile augmentation procedures.
Eat watermelon. It's not an herb, but it has properties that might help increase the size and duration of erections in a similar way arginine. Watermelon contains an amino acid called citrulline, which gets converted into arginine and leads to the dilation of blood vessels.[6] The fact that watermelon contains citrulline is a relatively new finding, so no studies have been conducted to find out how well it really works or how much watermelon you'd have to eat to see the benefits. However, since watermelon is considered a superfood when it comes to men's health, you can't go wrong by eating plenty of it while it's in season.[7]
While many woman claim that penis size isn’t important for them and it’s all about the right technique and a loving partner treating them well, that’s only half the truth. In totally anonymous surveys, the number of women claiming that penis size is important for them, at least from a aesthetic viewpoint, is significantly higher than in face to face surveys. This fact doesn’t mean a smaller penis can’t satisfy a women, it doesn’t mean you can’t have a perfect sex life with a small penis, but the the harsh truth is: Size matters – at least for some women.
"It's a real shame that penis size hang-ups make so many men feel inadequate," says sex educator Betty Dodson, Ph.D. "I urge men to make peace with their penises. It's fine as it is. Enjoy what you've got, and you'll be a happier lover--and probably a better lover. And if you want to be a really great lover, understand that while most women enjoy gentle, well-lubricated intercourse, what makes them come is clitoral caresses--and for most women, intercourse doesn't provide much clitoral action. I couldn't care less about a man's size. Give me an enthusiastic tongue on my clit any time."
The flip size is I have been with women with incredable vagina's that grip evry inch of my cock and makes it almost impossible not to come without pausing. I have also been with women with large vagina's that don't even come close to feeling as good. My thinking is the reatshi between the cock and vagina is key and you just have to fins the correct fit.

While all three of our proven penis enlargement techniques provide increased thickness – and that wider girth enlarges in proportion as your penis gets engorged from arousal, Morganstern offers two different procedures that provide increase in your length – and increased length occurs with both your erect and flaccid state although not in direct proportion to the longer size. Typically? Your increased length during an erect state will be roughly half the increased length you see when flaccid. Thus, if you gained two inches in length when not aroused – you could expect about an inch more size when erect.
One Stockport-based surgeon, Ravi Kant Agarwal, was struck off (though later allowed to practise again) after botching two procedures. One of his patients, the General Medical Council heard, was left with a penis “bent like a boomerang”. Agarwal was criticised for failing to explain potential complications and misleading patients about the possible outcome, as well as for not having anaesthetic backup during the operations.
According to the website of one such product, the safe application of traction encourages tissue cells to divide and multiply, a process called cytokinesis. Over time and with great effort this will lead to tissue growth. The FDA considers these low-risk devices (Class 1) and so provides only general controls intended to be followed by manufacturers.
The penis comprises of three chambers of spongy tissues that can absorb blood reaching the penis from the circulatory system. When the chambers get filled with blood, it immediately leads to the erection of the penis. By performing some healthy exercises regularly, the penis chambers would be able to absorb larger quantities of blood which will increase the size of the penis. The primary purpose of the workouts is to create a tensile strength by stretching the tissues which are in charge of the erection of the male genital. The tensile strength can cause an increase in the growth of the tissues in a gradual manner. Hence, you will be able to notice an increase in size.
Unfortunately nobody can say how long it will take you. One individual may gain that in a few months while another may need 5 years to obtain it. Everyone is different, and genetics, routines, dedication, and many other factors come into play. Some people gain very easily while others have to “fight tooth and nail” for every 1/16 inch. I personally believe this has a lot to do with the thickness of the tunica albuginea, which is the thick, fibrous sheath covering the penile chambers (cavernosa). Think of it in this manner: the tunica is a bike tire, while the smooth muscle and cavernosa are the inner tube. The inner tube (erectile tissue) fills with air (blood) and expands until it fills the tire. If the tire (tunica) is thick it will be limited in how far it can expand. If the tire is thinner, it will be able to expand much further. Depending on how thick or thin your tunica is will have a bearing on how fast or easy you can gain. But to give you an idea, I can tell you that I am what one would consider a hard gainer. However with 2 years of PE and very consistent and dedicated work, I have gained a total of 5/8" length and 5/16-3/8" girth."
In a recent study, published in January 2014, over 1,600 men were examined in order to determine the average penis size. According to the data, the average length of an erect penis is 5.2 inches (13.12cm). The average circumference of an erect penis is 4.6 inches (11.66cm). And in a flaccid state, the average penis is 3.6 inches (9.16cm) in length and has a girth of 3.7 inches (9.31cm). Alas, most women assume the average is six inches based upon pop culture lore – which leaves lots of men feeling unfairly inadequate at the onset.

The vacuum pump. This is a cylinder that sucks out air. You stick your penis in and the resulting vacuum draws extra blood into it, making it erect and a little bigger. You then clamp off the penis with a tight ring -- like a tourniquet -- to keep the blood from leaking back into your body. What are the drawbacks? The effect only lasts as long as you have the ring on. Using it for more than 20 to 30 minutes can cause tissue damage. This is sometimes used as a treatment for erectile dysfunction, but has not been proven to actually increase the size of the penis.


This evaluation is something all clinics I speak to insist on. It involves a patient meeting with a surgeon or psychologist to have their general mental wellbeing assessed. If there is any hint of underlying concerns, problems or mental health issues, the operation does not go ahead. But, given that such a refusal would mean clinics losing £5,000 a pop, one does wonder how rigorous these assessments are. Is the entire industry just profiting off insecurity bordering on dysmorphia?

In Warshak's case, the government had used a retrospective process to gain access to prospective messages. The SCA does allow the government to issue "preservation" requests, but these apply only to existing records that might be at risk of deletion; they do not apply to future messages. The Department of Justice's own surveillance manual made this clear even at the time, reminding agents that preservation requests "have no prospective effect....[Preservation] letters can order a provider to preserve records that have already been created, but cannot order providers to preserve records not yet made."


“Male anxiety about penis size may not reflect internalized, culturally arbitrary masculine stereotypes, but an accurate appreciation that size matters to many women — just as men feel legitimate anxiety when they enter the mating market about their intelligence, personality traits, sense of humor, social status, height, wealth, and other traits known to be favored by women across cultures,” study researcher Stuart Brody, a psychologist at the University of the West of Scotland, told LiveScience.”
Please don’t get conned into utilizing techniques like “jelking” or non-medically supervised penile stretching. We run one of the largest and most successful Peyronie’s Disease treatment clinics in the United States: over one-third of the cases we treat were born from improper handling of the penis during stretching of some sort. It’s often devastating to penile tissue and overall erection health.
the most significant new method is probably a surgical one, the Penuma penis implant. Like silicone implants for female breasts, it gives a permanent legthening effect and is, and that’s the most important part, easily reversible. As far as non-surgical methods are concerned, there is a lot of research on stem cells to make new tissue grow in general. Maybe the future to make your penis bigger, but so far it’s more like science fiction, even far from an experimental stage.

Numerous guys think that penis pumps are an excellent option for male enhancement. This is a huge mistaken belief. Pumps only offer short-term outcomes, and can additionally threaten. Pumps can cause blood crafts in your penile chamber to break and burst. This could lead to male erectile dysfunction or even the inability to have sexual intercourse. Therefore, pumps do not work to make your penis larger naturally.
What does the male enlargement secret method does here is to enable your body to restart the same growth process that you went through during puberty. This process is possible because the crucial elements that caused penile growth during puberty can now be reintroduced to the body. These elements are called biochemicals and nutrients and they are the real reason that you see growth naturally. If you return these elements to your body it will trick your system into restarting the process and the biochemicals and nutrients will cause chemicals reactions forcing the cells within the penis to divide and multiply. This is all it took for you to add size during puberty and the reintroduction of these elements will be all it takes for you to add size again.
It's advised to take 1000-1500 mg of the amino acid L-Arginine daily. It increases the amount of seminal fluid during ejaculation and also causes strong erection. It is taken as 100mg, 2 hours before intercourse. Taking large amounts of this material should be avoided within 24 hours. If any side effects appear, it is advised to stop treatment and consult your doctor before continuing.
In contrast to common believe, the small penis syndrome is a mental disorder, subsumed under body dismorphic disorders (BDDs) and/or anxiety disorders. Basically, it’s a wrong perception of the own body, Men affected by it believe their penis is way too small, are almost obsessed by this thought, although their manhood has a normal length and girth. While the symtoms are very severe, including depression, anxiety and isolation, it’s a very rare psycological disorder. It’s often triggered by very negative personal experiences, e.g. rejection by a woman and other sexual problems. In case you think your penis is tiny, but has normal measurements, seeking professional help is recommended. There is also a very detailed article by clinical psychologist Ph.D. Mark Dombeck on MentalHelp we recommend for more details about SPS, characteristics and treatment. He points out: “It appears to us that some men have perfectly adequate penises, based on the measurements they’ve communicated. These penises are not going to break any world records, but they are probably just fine, however, these men are firmly convinced that they are hopelessly inadequately small.”
All content on this website is written and approved by medical writer Ph.D. F. Webby, an andrology expert who graduated in California (UCB) 1998 and wrote his dissertation about male fertility and influencing environment factors. All content is additionally verified by our editorial team to ensure maximum accuary and steady updates when new research on penis enlargement is available or new studies with scientific quality are published. Neverless we can’t guarantee all medical information presented on this website is 100% correct, it is provided without any representations or warranties, express or implied. It should not be relied upon as being comprehensive or error-free. Please refrain from inquires regarding personal consultation, we do not offer personal medical advice online, please see your local urologist, andrologist or hospital, or use the services recommended here to get a bigger penis. The information posted on this website not intended as medical consultation, advice or diagnosis.
This led to short-terms gains but long-term problems. Angry customers, unable to get satisfaction from Berkeley, went to their credit card companies instead. Berkeley's "chargeback" ratio went through the roof as customers disputed charges and banks took money back from Berkeley, putting the company's very ability to accept credit cards in jeopardy. (Payment processors would have cut off Berkeley if more than one percent of its transactions were chargebacks).
Now that you already know what the easiest and quickest way of penis enlargement is, it’s all up to you, your commitment and basically, your desire to really increase the size of your penis. Don’t skip any of the steps. All are essential, even critical, to attain results. Always take the supplement (even if you’re not planning on having sexual relations) and provoke as many erections as possible.
Cock Rings. These rubber donut-shaped devices tightly encircle the erect penis. Typically used to help maintain erection, they also provide a small--temporary--size boost. Flaccid or erect, blood circulates in and out of the penis. One of the veins that carries blood out runs close to the organ's skin (on top). A ring restricts outflow somewhat by compressing this vein. Don't expect miracles. Any effect is modest and temporary.
The doctors at Morganstern Medical have a competitive advantage over other physicians and urologists performing penis enlargement surgery. Dr. Steven Morganstern has developed surgery protocols that produce the maximum size permanently. In fact, he is the physician that teaches other physicians on his technique. If you are seeing the largest possible improvement in your penis size and an outcome that lasts a lifetime, Morganstern Medical has the best options for you.
Even worse, many of these pills contain undeclared substances to make buyer believe the product works. There are hundreds of different so called penis enalrgement pills on the FDAs official “Tainted Sexual Health Products” warning list, including some very well known and popular pill brands. The hidden drug ingredients are often Sildenafil (Viagra), Tadalafil (Cialis) or Vardenafil, subtances used to treat erection problems, short ED (erectile dysfunction). While these prescription only drugs can help patients suffering from ED, they can also have dangerous side effects and interactions, especially for people taking certain cardiac drugs. In the worst case, they can cause heart attacks, there are several verified actual deaths related to dubious penis pills. Don’t risk your life and stay away from enhancement pills, no matter how tempting the advertsing or fake reviews sound. Go for effective natural training instead.
O’Connor says he had no concerns beforehand (“My main worry was having the anaesthetic – I’m scared of needles”) and no regrets afterwards. The pain was manageable and there were no complications. He views the procedure as akin to working out. “I’m not obsessed by my body – I have too many other things going on in my life,” O’Connor says. “But I’m proud of it and I like that it’s in good shape – every part of it.”
Doing exercises and staying on track can sometimes be tedious and requires motivation. If you tend to procrastinate things, it can be helpful to have someone coaching you, someone who knows how penis enlargement works, someone who already helped thousands of guys to get a bigger penis, more stamina and and overall better sex. The most famous male enhancement coach, who was even featured on CNN, MSNBC and sites like Men’s Health, is AJ Alfaro, also called “Big Al”. He is one of the few real male enhancement experts worldwide who offers 1 on 1 coaching, helping you to get exactly the penis you want, no matter if your problem is length, girth or a curvature. This personal coaching called “MeCoach” costs a little more than a normal at home training program without additional support, but is inexpensive anyway, starting at about $25 a month depending on the package you choose (1 month, 3 month or 3 month with additional weekly calls by phone and direct access to your coach via Skype). So, if you are insecure if you can exercise correctly with a guide or you need additional information, some extra motivation and documentation of your progress, this program is what you are looking for. Of course, absolute discretion is guaranteed.
You will have an instructional handbook to help you via the true procedures. Should you be not distinct while using specialized guidance, but, what? You can’t even consider the aid of your folks or members of the family. As a result, owning the appropriate and secure ways to work the device can be very significant certainly. How to enlarge your penis naturally? Natural penis growth.
Penis exercises, often referred to as jelqing, were already used in ancient Egypt as a method for penis enlargement. While the multi billion dollar pills and expander industry that’s trying to sell you their overpriced herbs or pulling devices claims these methods don’t work well, they actually do. Reputable training programs like the “Penis Enlargement Remedy” helped thousands of men to increase their penis size.

Alistair took out a £5,000 loan to add to £3,000 of savings, and paid to go under the knife. (Surgery is difficult to obtain on the NHS, though it can be offered for psychological reasons, or to correct a true micropenis.) “It was the worst thing I’ve ever done,” he says. “The pain afterwards… I couldn’t sit, I couldn’t stand. It was beyond anything they told me to expect. The wound got infected, and when they gave me antibiotics, it kept seeping pus. The scarring has barely faded even now.” He says the fat injection became lumpy, while his erection no longer stands straight. “It just doesn’t look right. It’s deformed.”


The case had been made partly on the back of Warshak's private e-mails, even though he had taken numerous precautions to secure these. Somehow the feds got their hands on those messages even before they obtained a search warrant. How had it happened? The answer to that question made the Enzyte case a pivotal piece of Internet law — and revealed how investigators had learned to lean on another key pressure point in the Internet ecosystem: third-party servers.
There are literally hundreds of advertisements and articles on penis enlargement, and your email inbox probably suffers as a result. They talk about the amazing, "unbelievable" results that can be achieved, but the only honest word here is "unbelievable." Save your money. Nothing currently on the market has been shown to permanently increase penis size.
A quick way since few are likely to would like to you, to start the bathroom to receive that fast and fast measurement. You want simply have to check out a basin and find water reasonably size. Obtain a washcloth input it below the standard water washing it. Then quickly cover the material all over you is penile. On this procedure, your penis is fastened into the finish in the device and permitting your skin layer to stretch out having its basic working techniques. How to grow my penis naturally? Natural male enhancement exercises.
O’Connor says he had no concerns beforehand (“My main worry was having the anaesthetic – I’m scared of needles”) and no regrets afterwards. The pain was manageable and there were no complications. He views the procedure as akin to working out. “I’m not obsessed by my body – I have too many other things going on in my life,” O’Connor says. “But I’m proud of it and I like that it’s in good shape – every part of it.”
There is lots of cause of accomplishing along with the most desired vigor. Then you must take the recommendation that the medical practitioner has offered you and also apply certain of his exercising methods to get much larger. Many of these methods are normal and can assist you to find the desirable effects. All-natural approaches devote some time. It may not be a surgical procedure. You only will not be wheeled into your functioning place and several a long time, later on, wheeled by helping cover their an even bigger male organ. When all natural techniques devote some time, these continue to the easiest way to improve penile sizing in a natural way since they never charge nearly as much as surgical procedures which only provides the sense associated with a larger penile regardless. How to make your penis bigger fast with your hands? Natural male enhancement exercises.
Two urological researchers, Marco Ordera and Paolo Gontero of the University of Turin in Italy, examined outcomes from both surgical and nonsurgical procedures for “male enhancement” in previous studies. Half of the studies involved surgical procedures performed on 121 men; the other half involved nonsurgical enhancement techniques used by 109 men.

And speaking of reconstructive surgery, this is a huge risk as well.  I'm not qualified to speak knowledgeably about this topic.  But my understanding is this kind of surgery is usually only an option for medical need.  Completely non-functioning penis, reconstruction after serious injury, sex changes, that kind of thing.  If you were to do this for purely cosmetic reasons, for example because you want a bigger member, if you found a doctor who was willing to do this for you my understanding is that you'll trade this off with a loss of sensitivity.  Depending on the methods used, you could wind up with nerve damage, or even areas of no sensitivity.  And sensation is one of the major mechanisms for many men to achieve an erection.  I have heard tell of men who got such surgeries only to wind up with a larger penis that didn't perform.


You must do this exercise every day to increase the length of your penis. Actually, many men feel painful to stretch your penis because they have no warm-up exercise. Stretching exercise is referred to as the best penis enlargement exercise, but needs patience, and needs to function properly. If you do not feel pain with this exercise. Without pills, drugs or supplements, you can use this exercise as a daily routine to improve the health of your penis.
Eat watermelon. It's not an herb, but it has properties that might help increase the size and duration of erections in a similar way arginine. Watermelon contains an amino acid called citrulline, which gets converted into arginine and leads to the dilation of blood vessels.[6] The fact that watermelon contains citrulline is a relatively new finding, so no studies have been conducted to find out how well it really works or how much watermelon you'd have to eat to see the benefits. However, since watermelon is considered a superfood when it comes to men's health, you can't go wrong by eating plenty of it while it's in season.[7]
Commandments to Increase Penis Sizebr /Quit smoking:/strongbr /Minute particles from the cigarette tend to block the arteries; it is also one of the reasons why smoking is linked to heart diseases. Poor supply of blood to the organs results in poor functioning of that organ, the same applies to the penis. br /strongFtarget="_blank"Abdominal Obesity: How to Prevent Abdominal Obesity/a/strong/p

 The penis consists of 3 chambers of spongy tissue which absorb blood that reach the penis from the circulatory system. As these chambers fill with blood, it leads to the erection of the penis. When exercises are done continuously, in a right way, it will cause an expansion in the size of the chambers. Then, it will become able to absorb larger amounts of blood and this will lead to an increase in the size of the penis, and the purpose of these exercises is to create a tensile strength by stretching the tissues that are responsible for erection of the penis and this tensile strength will lead to an increase in the growth of those tissues, gradually. 


Another method or exercises are the stretches physical exercise that adds to the increase of tissues from the male body. Perhaps you are experiencing the identical challenge as the things I managed in those days. Maybe you have some other reasons for yourself. But nevertheless, we talk about the drive to build our self more substantial lower directly below. And in case you want to know just the required steps to visit reasonably your penile come to be more substantial actually, you will be grateful to learn it can do not obtain a wonder to help make which happen! It is easy to do it by only working out your guy body organ with your personal arms; due to the fact as a few things I identified a short while ago while looking for strategies to maximize my male organ dimensions! Penile routines also called; can be a commonly employed method by lots of adult men. This technique is successful, pain-free and low-priced. How to grow my penis naturally? Penis enlargement home remedies.

Also keep in mind that, with a few rare exceptions, these devices aren’t certified medical devices. Don’t get fooled by advertisements with people in a white coat, not everybody wearing one is a real doctor or a doctor qualified to give advice on male enhancement. There are only two pharmacies are allowed to sell (Phallosan Forte and Penimaster Pro) which are relatively safe if you correctly follow all instructions. Especially if you are a beginner, the chances of hurting yourself with one of those agressively advertised extenders is high, even if you stick to the instructional videos or guides. Any severe damage done to the erectile tissue may require corrective sugery or may even result in irreverible erectile problems. Taking unnecessary risks just to add a few inches isn’t a good idea. Stay safe!

Compared to other cosmetic procedures, breast augmentation, tummy tucks, mommy makeovers, facial fillers and the like, we hear far less about penis enhancement. Perhaps there is still significantly more stigma associated with this procedure, or perhaps it’s just not well-suited for television, but there’s simply not a lot of talk about it in almost any media, at least nothing I’m reading or on shows I’m watching, and as such, there are a lot of seemingly unanswered questions revolving around penis enhancement. For example - - How is it done? Why? 


Because of great risk and uncertainty, medical professionals are generally skeptical of penile enlargement and avoid attempting it.[2][4] Medical doctors do treat micropenis as a medical condition, however, usually by surgery, which can be warranted to improve urinary or sexual function.[5] Most men seeking penis enlargement have normal-size penises, and many may experience penile dysmorphophobia by underestimating their own penis size while overestimating the average size.[5]
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